On the morning of 28 August,
at Session I of the conference, papers were given by the following
here for the original Russian text)
Emerson from America (Princeton University): An Opera which
Tolstoy would have liked ("War and peace" by S.S. Prokofiev).
2. Edwina Cruise from America
(Mt Holyoke): The Role of books in "Anna Karenina".
Lönnqvist-Aniansson from Finland (Turku): The Use of foreign
words in "Anna Karenina".
Hudspith from Great Britain (Leeds): Crime, punishment and personal
responsibility in Tolstoy's "Resurrection".
McPeak from America (Westpoint Academy): Icon-painting by the
great iconoclast: Tolstoy's "Alesha Gorshok".
During the lunch break two large
tables in the foyer were spread with sandwiches, pastries and tea.
After lunch began Session II, which comprised the following papers:
Alekseevich Gaponenkov from Saratov (Saratov State University):
1910 Tolstoy issue of the journal Russkaja mysl'.
7. Donna Orwin from Canada
(Toronto): Tolstoy, Stern and Plato.
8. Ksana Blank from America
(Princeton): Heaven's mandate: Tolstoy and Confucius.
9. Èl'vira Filippovna
Osipova from St-Petersburg: Ralph Waldo Emerson's and Leo Tolstoy's
concepts of history.
Later that evening Vladimir Tolstoy
and Galina Alekseeva arranged a special concert for the delegates
in the large salon of the Volkonsky house. Musical works related
to Tolstoy were splendidly performed by mezzo-soprano Ol'ga Matveeva,
who wasbeautifully accompanied by a pianist named Vasilisa.
The performers were rewarded with thunderous applause.
On the morning of 29 August
conference delegates were taken on a tour of the estate as well as Leo
Tolstoy's house. Later that morning Session III began.
The following participants presented papers:
Nikolaevna Polosina from Yasnaya Polyana: Tolstoy and Aurelius
Augustine on memory, time and space.
Ridha Bouguerra from Tunisia (Tunis): Tolstoy's reception in
France in the early 20th century.
12. Ol'ga Vladimirovna Slivitskaja
from St-Petersburg: Tolstoy and Stendahl.
Goudakov from France: The Writings of Leo Tolstoy and Alexandre
Dumas on the Caucasus as an ethnological resource.
14. Galina Vital'evna Ovchinnikova
from Tula (Tolstoy Pedagogical University): Reflections of national
character in Leo Tolstoy's tale "Master and man" and Paul La Chenais' tale
"Masters and men".
After the lunch break everyone gathered
for Session IV and the following papers (unfortunately, two of the
scheduled participants, one from Canada and the other from St-Petersburg,
were unable to attend):
Peterson from America (Amherst College): "The Cossacks" in Spain:
echoes of Tolstoy in [Hemingway's] novel "For whom the bell tolls".
Zweers from Canada (Waterloo): Tolstoy's play "The Power of
19. Mireille Berutti from
France (Nice): Tolstoy and Shalamov.
Following the afternoon session
the delegates took an excursion to the nearby "Kozlova-Zaseka"
railway station, where Tolstoy himself frequently waited for the train
to Moscow. Two years ago the station was restored to its original
appearance. One of its rooms is now devoted to a small Tolstoy
museum. A park area has been restored around the station.
At 10 a.m. on the morning of 30
August, Session V commenced in the large salon. It comprised
four papers (a fifth presenter, from Italy, was unable to secure her visa
Vasil'evna Alekseevna from Yasnaya Polyana: The American magazine
"WHIM" as a source for [Tolstoy's] "Cycle of readings" (based on materials
from the writer's personal library).
Aleksandrovich Aleksandrov from Moscow (Institute of World Literature):
Tolstoy and Mark Twain.
Woodsworth from Canada (Ottawa): Leo Tolstoy and Mary Baker
Eddy: a comparative view.
Son Bo from the Republic of Korea [South Korea]: Leo Tolstoy
and Liu Yon Mo (on the reception of Leo Tolstoy's religious and philosophical
ideas in Korea).
After the lunch break the final
VI was held with four more presenters (a fifth, from St-Petersburg,
was unable to attend):
Roy from France:
Freedom à la Tolstoy: classroom experience
and life experience.
26. Bernard Suin de Boutemard
from Germany: The German engineer Gustav Keller: from his experience
in teaching at the Yasnaya Polyana School.
LeBlanc from America (New Hampshire): Tolstoy was not a vegetarian.
29. Daniel Rancour-Laferriere
from America (California/Davis): Was Tolstoy a Christian?
On the evening of 30 August a banquet
was held for the delegates at the "Preshpekt" café. Just before
the banquet began we were entertained by local
performers singing and dancing in folk costumes. Two of the women
delegates celebrating their birthday today were especially
fêted (Caryl Emerson and Sarah Hudspith). The partying
continued later in the salon on the 4th floor of the hotel, with Vladimir
Tolstoy acting as host.
On Sunday 31 August all those
who wished to participate were taken on a motorcoach excursion (organised
by Dr Alexeeva) to Spasskoe-Lutovinovo,
the estate of another Russian writer, Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev,
about an hour and a half's drive south of Yasnaya Polyana. We were
shown the buildings where the famous writer lived and worked, and strolled
through the allées of the huge park. While sitting beside
Turgenev's favourite oak-tree, I wrote a poem (in Russian), entitled "At
That evening most of the Russian
conference participants relocated to a hotel in Tula,
while eight of us Westerners decided to stay on at the Yasnaya Polyana
otdykha. Minibuses run between Yasnaya Polyana and Tula three
times an hour.
Thus ended the Third International
Conference on "Tolstoy and World Literature" at Yasnaya Polyana.